- Imperial guard created by Leo I (q.v.), commanded by a comes (q.v.) exkoubitores, later a domestikos (q.v.) ex-koubitores. Such commanders wielded considerable power on occasion, as seen in the example of usurper Valentinus Arsakuni (q.v.) who engineered the downfall of Martina (q.v.). Unlike the largely ceremonial candidatoi (q.v.), the exkoubitores were one of several elite regiments (tagmata [q.v.]) that included the scholaepalatinae and the hikanatoi (qq.v.).
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
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Tagma (military) — The tagma ( el. τάγμα, pl. tagmata ) is a term for a military unit of battalion size. The best known use of the term however refers to the elite regiments comprising the central imperial army of the middle and late Byzantine Empire. History and… … Wikipedia
Byzantine army — Infobox War Faction name= Byzantine Army war= Wars of the Byzantine Empire caption= active= 330 1453 AD ideology= leaders= Byzantine Emperor (Commander in chief) headquarters=Constantinople area= Balkans, Asia Minor, Middle East, Italy, North… … Wikipedia
Scholae Palatinae — Senior imperial guard unit, originally five regiments of 500 cavalrymen each, perhaps created by Constantine I (q.v.). Justin I (q.v.) added four additional regiments. They had a long and distinguished history, especially from the time of… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Tagmata — Elite regiments of cavalry and infantry organized by Constantine V (q.v.) into a professional field army (q.v.) stationed at Constantinople (q.v.). The tagmata were supported by the Optimatoi (q.v.), a special theme (q.v.) of muleteers for… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Theoktistos — Arguably the most important chief minister of the ninth century. He was a eunuch (q.v.) and perhaps a member of the exkoubitores (q.v.) when, in 820, he organized the assassination of Leo V (q.v.). He was rewarded by Michael II (q.v.) with the … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Valentinos Arsakuni — Usurped the throne briefly in 645 before being lynched in a popular uprising in Constantinople (q.v.). He was a former commander of the theme of Opsikion (qq.v.) who became count of the exkoubitores (q.v.) and who engineered the downfall of… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium